CFS provides BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT FOR OUR Members & the the Public.
Prepared by Dr. Bibiana Chan
Self-report Mental Health Screening
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Scoring the K10
Each of the 10 questions is scored 1 (none of the time) to 5 (all of the time) and scores
are summed to provide a total K10 score. The lowest possible score is 10 and the highest
possible score is 50. The relationship between the K10 score and psychological distress is
linear. That is, lower K10 scores indicate a lower level of psychological distress while
higher K10 scores indicate a higher level of psychological distress. The developers of the
instrument did not recommend standardised scoring; rather they recommended that
scores should be interpreted according to the population studied. Several methods of
scoring the K10 have been used in Australia, with the following scoring used by the
Victorian Population Health Surveys .
K10 Score Level of psychological distress
10 – 15 Low
16 – 21 Moderate level of psychological distress
22 – 29 High level of psychological distress
30 – 50 Very high level of psychological distress
- Kessler, R.C., Barker, P.R., Colpe, L.J., Epstein, J.F., Gfroerer, J.C., Hiripi, E.,
Howes, M.J., Normand, S.-L.T., Manderscheid, R.W., Walters, E.E., and Zaslavsky,
A.M., Screening for serious mental illness in the general population. Archives of
General Psychiatry, 2003. 60(2): p. 184-189.
- Department of Human Services, Victorian population health surveys. 2001-2007,
State Government of Victoria.
DASS-21 (Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale)
Lovibond, S.H. & Lovibond, P.F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (2nd. Ed.). Sydney: Psychology Foundation.
Fear of Coronavirus-19 Scale
Click here to access original journal article.
- I am most afraid of coronavirus-19.
- It makes me uncomfortable to think about coronavirus-19.
- My hands become clammy when I think about coronavirus-19.
- I am afraid of losing my life because of coronavirus-19.
- When watching news and stories about coronavirus-19 on social media, I become nervous or anxious.
- I cannot sleep because I’m worrying about getting coronavirus-19.
- My heart races or palpitates when I think about getting coronavirus-19.
The participants indicate their level of agreement with the statements using a five-item Likert-type scale. Answers included
1 – “strongly disagree” ;
2 – “disagree”;
3 – “neither agree nor disagree”;
4– “agree” and
5 – “strongly agree”.
The minimum score possible for each question is 1, and the maximum is 5. A total score is calculated by adding up each item score (ranging from 7 to 35). The higher the score, the greater the fear of cororonavirus-19.
Chinese – Traditional
對冠狀病毒 19 的恐懼量表
5 – “非常不同意”； 4 – “不同意”； 3 – “既不同意也不反對”； 2- “同意” 和 1- “非常同意”。
1 – “非常不同意”； 2 – “不同意”； 3 – “既不同意也不反对”； 4 – “同意” 和
I think community connection initiatives should be available all year around so people can connect when they need, engage in crafts, build skills, a sense of competency.